Additional  References



Note:  I thank my friend Kevin W. (Library Assistant), for help with some rare books; and, for keen, uplifting, humorous—friendship—for many years.



Entries are (probably) in order of discovery.


       1.  An Anthology of Neo-Latin Poetry, edited and translated by Fred J. Nichols, Yale, 1979.    




            "Italian Renaissance Hair Taping – Examples". 


            Gorgeous artistry, with hair.  A symbol of the sophistication of the times?


       3.  La Biblioteca Di Benedetto Croce, Le note autografe ai libri, Scrittori del Rinascimento, II (of 2 volumes), Dora Beth Marra, Bibliopolis, c2005.


            "Jacobi, sive Actii Synceri Sannazarii, neapolitani, viri patricii, Poemata...  Patavii, 1751, excudebat J. Cominus."  [47] [photograph of title page, "50"].


            "Actii Synceri Sannazarii quaedam Epigrammata.  Amstelodami, 1751."  [47] [photograph of title page, "50"].


       4.  The History of Scepticism, From Savonarola to Bayle, Revised and Expanded Edition, Richard H. Popkin, Oxford, c2003 (c1979).


       5.  Contemporaries of Erasmus, A Biographical Register of the Renaissance and Reformation, in 3 Volumes, Peter G. Bietenholz, University of Saskatchewan, Editor; Thomas B. Deutscher, University of Saskatchewan, Associate Editor; University of Toronto Press, Toronto/Buffalo/London, c1985, c1986, c1987. 


            Superb reference work!  See:  "Bembo"; "Leo X"; "Sannazaro".  Excellent Bibliographies! 


       6.  Online:  "Literary Censorship in Sixteenth-Century Spain", by J.M. de Bujanda, University of Sherbrooke.  [find via].






       7.  Saints & Sinners, A History of the Popes, Eamon Duffy, Yale University Press, 1997. 


            See end papers, for beautiful photograph of the statue of St. Peter, at the Vatican (see my photograph (snapshot), 1995,, main page).


       8.  Remembering the Renaissance, Humanist Narratives of the Sack of Rome, by Kenneth Gouwens, Brill, Leiden Boston Koln, 1998.


       9.  Vlrichi Hvtteni, Eqvitis Germani, Opera, Qvae Reperiri Potvervnt Omnia.  Edidit Edvardvs Böcking. 


            Ulrichs von Hutten, Schriften, herausgegeben von Eduard Böcking.  Neudruck der 1859–1861 bei B.G. Teubner erschienenen Ausgabe, Erster Band.  Briefe von 1506. bis 1520.  Aalen, Otto Zeller Verlagsbuchhandlung, 5 volumes, plus Supplements, 2 volumes, 1963.


     10.  Cultural Aspects of The Italian Renaissance, Essays in Honour of Paul Oskar Kristeller, edited by Cecil H. Clough, Manchester University Press, Alfred F. Zambelli, 1976. 


            A delight for:  manuscripts, libraries, etc.


     11.  The Panorama of the Renaissance, edited by Margaret Aston, published by Abrams, "1996".


     12.  Military and Religious Life in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, Paul Lacroix, with over 400 wood engravings, Frederick Ungar Publishing Co., New York, 1964 (1874).


     13.  Iter Italicum, A Finding List of Uncatalogued or Incompletely Catalogued Humanistic Manuscripts of the Renaissance in Italian and Other Libraries, Compiled by Paul Oskar Kristeller, Columbia University, Volume 1 [6 volumes, plus Index volume; plus, paperback supplement, 1996], Italy, Agrigento to Novara, London, The Warburg Institute; Leiden, E.J. Brill.  1977 – 1997 (1963).


     14.  God or Man?  A Study of the Value of God to Man, by James H. Leuba, Author of "The Psychology of Religious Mysticism," etc., Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., Ltd., 1934.






     15.  Toxoplasma gondii (parasite):  influence on religion?  Other parasites?  Other health issues?


            "Timeline: The Frightening Future of Earth"

            By Andrea Thompson and Ker Than posted: 19 April 2007


            Future (and past!) of Religions?


            I thank my friend since "1981", David A., for emailing this article. 


            1997, David A., at my (LS) request, registered, for Lino Sanchez.


     17.   (Classic Italian & Latin Translations)


     18.  The 'Adages' of Erasmus, A Study with Translations, by Margaret Mann Phillips [1906 – 1987], Formerly Fellow of Newnham [women's] College [founded 1871] Cambridge.  Cambridge, at the University Press, 1964. 


            See:  Dulce bellum inexpertis ["war is sweet to those who have not tried it"] [pages 308-353] [see 314, 682]


            References to Christianity in the Adages [pages 383-390]


            Note:  Dulce bellum inexpertis, contains superb descriptions of "Christian"; which name, commonly, was (is) a concealment (mask, camouflage, etc.), for acts (behaviors), ranging from nightmarish—to petty thefts.


     19.  Erasmus  The Growth of a Mind, James D. Tracy, Genève, Librairie Droz, 1972.


     20.  Erasmus, Colet and More:  The early Tudor Humanists and their Books, J.B. Trapp, The Panizzi Lectures, 1990.  The British Library, 1991.






     21.  Erasmus of Christendom, Roland H. Bainton [1894 – 1984] [see: American National Biography, 1999, Vol. 1, 905-906.], Charles Scribner's Sons, c1969. 




            "….Erasmus of Rotterdam has never had his due.  The reason is in part that he founded no church to perpetuate his memory….


            Rejected by the Catholics as subversive and by the Protestants as evasive he has fallen chiefly into the hands of the rationalists who have appreciated him chiefly for his satire on contemporary superstitions….


            I have long been drawn to Erasmus on a number of counts.  I share his aversion to contention, his abhorrence of war, his wistful skepticism with respect to that which transcends the verifiable; at the same time I am warmed by the glow of his piety….


            I relish his whimsicality and satire….


            He ended as the battered liberal.  Can it ever be otherwise?  This is precisely the problem of our time. 


            New Haven, Connecticut

            Winter 1968"  [vii-viii].






     22.  Erasmus and the Northern Renaissance, Margaret Mann Phillips, The Boydell Press, Rowman & Littlefield, 1981 (c1949).


            'The Colloquies on the false trappings of religion are perhaps the most brilliant and the most scathing.  But Erasmus had plenty of other bones to pick with his own time.  He brings before us a gallery of rogues:  the trickster who sells a lame horse and is paid out in his own kind, the "alchemist" who hides the silver in the cinders before discovering it with great triumph in his crucible, the pretended knight who wins respect and a wife through his cheating braggadocio, the soldier of fortune selling his services to the highest bidder and bringing home from the wars poverty, disablement and disease.  Two things Erasmus hated with special fervour, as the scourges of his day; war, and the new epidemic which was devastating Europe—syphilis [see 518].  In his ideas on hygiene he seems to have been in advance of his time; he insisted by instinct on a standard of cleanliness which has only become generally accepted as a result of a greater knowledge of the transmission of disease.  Things were tolerated in the sixteenth century which shocked him to the core, and one of the most hideous of them is described in The Marriage that was No Marriage—the forcible handing over of a beautiful girl to the embraces of a diseased old rake.  The danger to the family of the soldier who comes home riddled with venereal disease is plainly spoken of in the dialogue between the soldier and the Carthusian.  And Erasmus has general suggestions to make:  that barbers should not be surgeons, which was then the universal practice, that no two people should drink out of the same cup, or sleep in the same bed unless they were husband and wife, that inns should give each traveler clean sheets, that the custom of saluting all and sundry with a kiss [see 388, 477, 478, 479] should be discontinued.'  [83].