Note:  principal works are listed; and, in numerical order of pages.  2


Annie Besant [1847 – 1933], Christianity—Its Evidences.   Its Origin.  Its Morality.  Its History, Freethought Pub. Co., 1876, pages 193-195.  [this book, one of my treasures; available online:; etc.].  12  13


The Ancient Engineers, L. [Lyon] Sprague de Camp [1907 – 2000], Doubleday, 1963.  13


Leonardo da Vinci, Antonina Vallentin, 1938.  13


Forgery in Christianity, A Documented Record of the Foundations of the Christian Religion, by Joseph Wheless [1858 – 1950], Lately Major, Judge Advocate, U.S.A.; Associate Editor (in Section of Comparative Law) of American Bar Association Journal; Life Member of American Law Institute; etc., Alfred A. Knopf, MCMXXX.  20


Encyclopaedia Britannica; or a Dictionary of Arts and Sciences, Compiled upon a New Plan.  In which the different Sciences and Arts are digested into distinct Treaties or Systems; and The various Technical Terms, &c. are explained as they occur in the order of the Alphabet.  Illustrated with one hundred and sixty copperplates.  By a Society of Gentlemen in Scotland.  In Three Volumes.  Vol. III.  Edinburgh:  Printed for A. Bell and C. Macfarquhar; And fold by Colin Macfarquhar, at his Printing-office, Nicolson-Street.  M.DCC.LXXI.  Reprint of the first edition, "Chicago, Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1968".  21


Encyclopaedia Britannica, Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and General Literature, Ninth Edition, Volume XX, Edinburgh:  Adam and Charles Black, MDCCCLXXXIII (1875-89).  24


WorldCat:  "The new volumes of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, constituting, in combination with the existing volumes of the ninth edition, the tenth edition ["1902" (E.B.)] of that work..."].  25






The Encyclopaedia Britannica, A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information, Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, Volumes XXIII ("Renaissance"); XXVI ("Symonds"); XVI ("Leo X."), 1910–1911.   25


WorldCat:  "The Encyclopaedia Britannica; the new volumes, constituting, in combination with the twenty-nine volumes of the eleventh edition, the twelfth edition ["1922" (E.B.)], of that work...."].  30


Note:  the THIRTEENTH EDITION, 1926, has the same article ("Renaissance", by John Addington Symonds), also, in Volume XXIII.  30


The Encyclopaedia Britannica, Fourteenth Edition, A New Survey of Universal Knowledge, Volume 19, Raynal to Sarreguemines, The Encyclopaedia Britannica Company LTD., London, The Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc.  New York.  1929.  30


The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, Volume 9, Micropaedia, Founded 1768, 15th Edition, Encyclopaedia Britannica, c1993 (15th Edition, c1974).  35, Article 19, pages 375-389:  Encyclopaedia Britannica.  35


History of the Christian Church, by Philip Schaff [1819 – 1893], Christianus sum.  Christiani nihil a me alienum puto, Volume VI, The Middle Ages, From Boniface VIII., 1294, to the Protestant Reformation, 1517, by David S. Schaff, D.D., Eerdmans, 1960–1968 (c1910) (1883 – 1893).  36


The Diegesis ["statement of the case" (O.E.D.)]; Being a Discovery of the Origin, Evidences, and Early History of Christianity, Never Yet Before or Elsewhere so Fully and Faithfully set forth.  By the Rev. Robert Taylor [1784 – 1844],  A.B.  & M.R.C.S. London:  Richard Carlile [1790 – 1843], 62, Fleet Street; John Brooks, 421 Oxford Street.  1829.  [one of my treasures].  39


History of The Christian Church, by Philip Schaff [1819 – 1893], Volume VII, Modern Christianity, The German Reformation, Eerdmans, 1960–1968 (c1910) (1883–1893).  43


The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy, Jacob Burckhardt [1818 – 1897], translation by S.G.C. Middlemore, With Two Hundred and Forty-Three Illustrations, George G. Harrap & Co. Ltd.  London, Bombay, Sydney, 1929 (1860 German).  48






Judgments on History and Historians, by Jacob Burckhardt [1818 – 1897], translated by Harry Zohn, with an introduction by H.R. Trevor-Roper [1914 – 2003], Beacon Press, c1958 (1942 German) (1929 German) ("Burckhardt's lecture notes for his history courses at the University of Basel during the period from 1865 – 1885."  (xxiii)).  52


Renaissance in Italy, The Age of the Despots, John Addington Symonds [1840 – 1893], Second Edition, "Vol. 1", Smith, Elder, 1898 (1880 second edition) (1875).  53


Renaissance in Italy, The Revival of Learning, John Addington Symonds [1840 – 1893], Second Edition, "Vol. 2", Smith, Elder, 1898 (1880 second edition) (1875).  54


Bibliography of the Writings of John Addington Symonds [1840 – 1893], by Percy L. Babington, Bibliography and Reference Series #174, Burt Franklin, 1968 (1925).  60


A History of Classical Scholarship, Vol. II [of three volumes], From the Revival of Learning to the End of the Eighteenth Century (In Italy, France, England, and the Netherlands), [Sir] John Edwin Sandys [1844 – 1922], Hafner, 1967 (1958) (1903).  62


The Cambridge Modern History, Planned by The Late Lord Acton [1834 – 1902] LL.D., Regius Professor of Modern History, edited by A.W. Ward Litt.D., G.W. Prothero Litt. D., Stanley Leathes M.A., Volume I, The Renaissance, Cambridge, At the University Press, 1907.  63


The Renaissance in Historical Thought, Five Centuries of Interpretation, Wallace K. Ferguson, Professor of History, New York University, Houghton Mifflin Company, The Riverside Press Cambridge, "1981" (c1948).  64


Mysteriously Meant, The Rediscovery of Pagan Symbolism and Allegorical Interpretation in the Renaissance, Don Cameron Allen [1903 –1972], Johns Hopkins, c1970.  66  69


The Life of Jesus, Maurice Goguel [1880 – 1955], Barnes & Noble, 1958 (1933 English) (1932 Paris).  69  71






Francesco Guicciardini [1483 – 1540], Maxims and Reflections of a Renaissance Statesman (Ricordi), translated by Mario Domandi, Introduction by Nicolai Rubinstein, Harper & Row, 1965 (1857) (1530) (1528) (1512).  71


Francesco Guicciardini [1483 – 1540], by Peter E. Bondanella, Indiana University, Twayne Publishers, 1976.  73


The History of England, from the Invasion of Julius Caesar, to The Abdication of James the Second, 1688, by David Hume [1711 – 1776], Esq., A New Edition, With the Author's Last Corrections and Improvements.  To which is Prefixed A Short Account of His Life, Written by Himself.  Vol. III.  Philadelphia:  J.B. Lippincott & Co., 1865 (1754 – 1762).  74


Pope Alexander VI [Pope 1492 – 1503 (1431 – 1503)] and His Court, Extracts from the Latin Diary of Johannes Burchardus [1450 – 1506], Bishop of Orta and Civita Castellana, Pontifical Master of Ceremonies, edited by Dr. F.L. Glaser.  Nicholas L. Brown, New York, MCMXXI.  76


Diarium sive Rerum Urbanarum Commentarii (1483 – 1506), Johannis Burchardi [1450 – 1506]; par L. Thusane, Tome Troisième (1500 – 1506), Paris, Ernest Leroux, 1885.  77


Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Volume 47, Oxford, 2004.  78


The Life and Pontificate of Leo the Tenth [Pope 1513 – 1521 (1475 – 1521)].  By William Roscoe [1753 – 1831].  Sixth Edition.  Revised by His Son, Thomas Roscoe [1791 – 1871].  In Two Volumes.  Vol. II.  London:  Henry G. Bohn, York Street, Covent Garden.  1853 (1805).  AMS reprint.  80


The History of the Popes, Their Church and State, and Especially of Their Conflicts with Protestantism in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries.  By Leopold Ranke [1795 – 1886].  Translated by E. Foster.  In Three Volumes.  Vol. I.  London:  George Bell and Sons, York Street, Covent Garden.  1891 (1840) (1834–1836 Germany).  94


Leopold von Ranke [1795 – 1886], The Secret of World History, Selected Writings on The Art and Science of History, edited, with translations by Roger Wines, Fordham U., 1981.  105






The History of the Popes, From the Close of the Middle Ages.  Drawn from the secret archives of the Vatican and other original sources.  From the German of Dr. Ludwig Pastor [Catholic historian, 1854 – 1928], Professor of History in the University of Innsbruck, and Director of the Austrian Historical Institute in Rome, edited by Ralph Francis Kerr of the London Oratory.  Third Edition.  Volume VII.  Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd, 40 volumes (1938 – 1968), 1950 (1886 – 1933).  106


The History of the Popes, Dr. Ludwig Pastor [Catholic historian, 1854 – 1928], Third Edition.  Volume VIII.  Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd, 1950 (1886 – 1933).  113


Jacopo Sadoleto, 1477 – 1547, Humanist and Reformer, Richard M. Douglas, Harvard University Press, 1959.  [I thank Lewis W. Spitz, Luther and German Humanism, 1996, chapter VII, 111, for stimulating this research].  121


Crises in the History of the Papacy, A Study of Twenty Famous Popes whose Careers and whose Influence Were Important in the Development of the Church and in the History of the World, by Joseph McCabe [1867 – 1955], G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1916.  127


A Rationalist Encyclopaedia, A Book of Reference on Religion, Philosophy, Ethics, and Science, Joseph McCabe [1867 – 1955] [former Catholic Priest (13 years)], Watts, 1948.  Republished by Gryphon Books, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1971.  131


Catholic Encyclopedia (online):  Pope Leo X [Pope 1513 – 1521 (1475 – 1521)].  133


The Pope's Elephant, Silvio A. Bedini, Carcanet, 1997.  134


Encyclopedia of the Vatican and Papacy, edited by Frank J. Coppa, Greenwood, 1999.  135


The Bad Popes, E.R. Chamberlin, Dorset Press, 1986 (1969).  136


Vicars of Christ, The Dark Side of the Papacy, Peter de Rosa, Bantam, 1988.  139


The Deaths of the Popes, Comprehensive Accounts, Including Funerals, Burial Places and Epitaphs, Wendy J. Reardon, McFarland, c2004.  149






Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, In Association with The British Academy, From the earliest times to the year 2000, edited by H.C.G. Matthew and Brian Harrison, Volume 3, Oxford, 2004.  154


John Bale [1495 – 1563], Dramatist and Antiquary, Honor C. McCusker, Books for Libraries Press, 1971 (1942).  156


John Bale [1495 – 1563], Peter Happé, Twayne Publishers, Simon & Schuster, Prentice Hall, 1996.  159


The Pageant of Popes, John Bale, Anno 1574 (Latin, 1558:  Acta Romanorum Pontificum).  See:  "Early English Books Online" (via a local University).  164


Acta Romanorum Pontificum, 1558, by John Bale (1495 – 1563).  Front end paper inscribed "1614", etc.  Engraving of Bale, reverse of title page.  555 pages to end of "Appendices", plus "Errata", plus "Index. A", plus "Index."  "Alphabeticum ordinem", plus page with date, etc., plus "14" blank endpapers.  Brownish-red edges.  Cream colored velum over "cardboard".  Bound dimensions:  15.4 x 9.8 x 4.6 centimeters


[1574, English, as The Pageant of Popes.  Glancing (on one page), my guess:  the books are not identical].  166


A Latin Dictionary, Freund's Latin Dictionary, Oxford, 1962 (1879).  169


Dictionary of Medieval Latin, from British Sources, Volume I, Oxford,

1975–1997.  170


The Oxford English Dictionary, Volume IV, Oxford, 1961 (1933).  170


The Itinerary of John Leland [1506 – 1552], In or about the Years 1535–1543, Parts I to III [of XI parts], Edited by Lucy Toulmin Smith, with a Foreword by Thomas Kendrick, Volume One [of five volumes], Southern Illinois University, c1964 (complex dating) (1535–1543).  [See:, 2516-2529].  171






Two Treatises:  The First, Of the Lives of the Popes, and Their Doctrine.  The Second, Of the Masse:  The One and the other collected of that, which the Doctors, and ancient Councels, and the Sacred Scripture do teach.  Also, A Swarme of False Miracles, wherewith Marie de la Visitacion, Prioresse de la Annuntiada of Lisbon, deceiued very many:  and how she was discouered, and condemned.  Reuelation 17.I.  Come, and I will shew thee the condemnation of the great Whore, which sitteth upon many waters.  And vers. 15. The waters which thou sawest, where the whore sitteth, are people, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues.  The second edition in Spanish augmented by the Author himselfe, M. Cyprian Valera, and translated into English by John Golburne.  1600. 


Printed at London by John Harison, and are to be sold at the Grey-hound in Pater noster row.  1600.


[this is a translation of:  Los dos Tradatos del Papa i de la Misa, Cipriano de Valera (1532? – 1625), years 1588, 1599].  ["Early English Books Online" (via a local University)].  175


The History of the Life of Katharine de Medicis  Queen Mother and Regent of France.  Or, The Exact Pattern of the Present French King's Policy.  Licensed October 10, 1692.  London, Printed for John Wyat at the Rose in St. Paul's Church-yard, 1693.  Microform (reel).  177


A Huguenot Family in the XVI Century, The Memoirs of Philippe de Mornay, Sieur du Plessis Marly [1549 – 1623], written by his Wife [Charlotte Arbaleste c. 1560 – 1606], translated by Lucy Crump, With an Introduction, London, George Routledge & Sons Ltd., New York:  E. P. Dutton & Co.  "1926?"  179


Le Mystere D'Iniqvité  C'est A Dire, L'Histoire de la Papavté, Par Qvels Progrez Elle Est Montée à ce comble, & quelles oppositions les gens de bien lui ont faict de temps en temps.  Ou sont auffi defendus les Droicts des Empereurs Rois & Princes Chrestiens, contre les Assertions des Cardinaux Bellarmin & Baronius. Par Philippes De Mornay Cheualier, seigneur du Plessis Marly, &c. Conseiller du Roy tres-Chrestien en set Conseils d' Estat & Privé:  Capitaine de cinquante homes d' armes de ses Ordonnances, Gouverneur de la ville & Seneschancée de Saumur, & Surjntendant de ses Maison & Couronne de Navarre.  Falleris eternam qui suspicis ebrius Arcem Subruta succensis mex corruet ima tigillis.  A Savmvr.  Par Thomas Portav.  M. DCXI [for emphasis:  1611].  186






The Mysterie of Iniqvitie:  That is to Say, The Historie of the Papacie.  Declaring by what degrees it is now mounted to this height, and what Oppositions the better sort from time to time have made against it.  Where is also defended the right of Emperours, Kings, and Christian Princes, against the assertions of the Cardinals, Bellarmine and Baronius.  By Philip Morney [Mornay], Knight, Lord du Plessis, &c.  Englished by Samson Lennard, London, Printed by Adam Fslip, Anno Dom. 1612.  188


A History of Freethought, Ancient and Modern to the Period of the French Revolution, by J.M. Robertson [1856 – 1933], Fourth Edition, Revised and Expanded, In Two Volumes, Volume I, London:  Watts & Co., 5 & 6 Johnson's Court, Fleet Street, E.C.4, 1936.  192


A History of Freethought, Ancient and Modern to the Period of the French Revolution, by J.M. Robertson [1856 – 1933], Fourth Edition, Revised and Expanded, In Two Volumes, Volume II, Watts & Co., 1936.  195  196


Jacopo Sannazaro [1458 – 1530] and the Uses of Pastoral, William J. Kennedy, University Press of New England, 1983.  197


Opera Omnia Latine Scripta, Nuper Edita, Jacobi Sannazarii,

M.  D.  XXXV.  Microform (reel).  [from the last page] "Venetiis, in aedibvs haeredvm Aldi Manvtii, et Andreae Asvlani soceri, mense septembri, M.  D.  XXXV."  [for emphasis:  1535].  204


Actii Synceri Sannazarii quaedam Epigrammata.  Amstelodami, 1751.  207


La Biblioteca di Benedetto Croce, volume 2, 2005.  207


Synceri.  De partu virginis….A. FretiaM Corinaldinum:  Neapoli, 1526.  208


Sannazaro:  Actii Synceri Sannazarii De partv Virginis.  Lamentatio de morte Christi.  Piscatoria.  Romae:  F.M. Calvus, 1526.  209






Delitiae Delitiarvm, Sive Epigrammatvm Ex optimis quibusq; hujus & novissimi seculi poetis in ampliffimâ illâ Bibliothecâ Bodleiana, Et penè omninò alibi extantibus [Greek letters], in unam corollam connexa  Operâ A B. Wright Art. Bac. & S. Ioan.  Bapt. Coll. Socii.  Plin.1.7.Ep.9.  Fas est & carmine remitti; non dico continuo & longo, sed hoc arguto & brevi, quod aptè quantaslibet occupationes curasq distinguit.  Oxoniae, Excudebat Leonardus Lichfield  Impensis Gulielmi Webb.  1637.  210




SANNAZARII, PATRICII NEAPOLITANI, OPERA, LATINE SCRIPTA.  EX SECUNDUS CURIS.  JANI BROUKHUSII.  Accedunt.  Gabrielis Altilii, Danielis Cereti, & Fratrum Amaltheorum Carmina; Vitae Sannazarianae, & Notae   PETRI VLAMINGII.  AMSTELAEDAMI, Apud Viduam GERARDI ONDER DE LINDEN,   M. DCC. XXVIII [for emphasis:  1728].  [black, and red, print]


[opposite:  beautiful engraving:  strong, handsome bust of Sannazaro; to his left, a dreamy young lady, leaves in hair, right, full breast, undraped, left elbow resting on two long pages with titles of works by Sannazaro].


[Note:  marbled endpapers; spine rebound (brown tape); light brown leather covered boards, gold line near edge; red speckled brown edges (topedge mostly grayish); moderate "foxing" (brownish splotches, apparently due to acid in the paper (not fungi)).  "DEDICATIO.", plus "PRAEFATIO.", plus 632 pages of text, plus "INDEX.", "INDEX II.".  Title page embossed near fore edge—vertically:  "University Library   Princeton, N.J.".  Bookplate inside front board:  "Library of...[Latin words] Princeton University."  Bound dimensions:  20.5 x 13.2 x 4.6 centimeters.  Decision of my librarian friend and myself:  no copying!  I opened the book, varying, about 30–100º].   212


Memoirs of Angelus Politianus, Joannes Picus of Mirandula, Actius Sincerus Sannazarius, Petrus Bembus, Hieronymus Fracastorius, Marcus Antonius Flaminius, and The Amalthei:  Translations from their Poetical Works:  and Notes & Observations concerning Other Literary Characters of the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries.  The Second Edition, greatly augmented.  By The Rev. W. Parr Greswell [1765 – 1854], Curate of Denton, in Lancashire.  Manchester, Printed by R. and W. Dean; for Cadell and  Davies, Strand, London.  1805 (1801).  214






Dos Tradatos:  el prima es del Papa y de su autoridad:  & el Segundo es de la Missa. 2d. ed. 8vo. 1599. the preface to which is dated 1588, and subscribed C.D.V. i.e. Cipriano de Valera.  This singular production is numbered by bibliographers amongst works of very rare occurrence.  (Vive Diction. Bibliographique, vol. iii. p. 136.)  An English translation of the "Dos Tratados [Tradatos]," was published at London, A.D. 1600, in 4to.  It is inscribed by the translator, John Golburne, to Sir Thomas Egerton, Knight, Lord keeper of the great seal of England, &c. &c.'  223


Epigrams, Ancient and Modern:  Humorous, Witty, Satirical, Moral, and Panegyrical.  Edited by Rev. John Booth, B.A., Cambridge.  Second Thousand.  London:  Longmans, Green, and Co.  1865.  226


The Epigrammatists:  A Selection from The Epigrammatic Literature of Ancient, Mediaeval, and Modern Times.  With Notes, Observations, Illustrations, and an Introduction.  By The Rev. Henry Philip Dodd, M.A., of Pembroke College, Oxford.  Second Edition, Revised and Enlarged.  London:  George Bell and Sons, York Street, Covent Garden.  1876 (1870).  228


JSTOR:  Print Article from American Journal of Philology:  Vol. 36, No. 2:  Reviews and Book Notices, The Piscatory Eclogues of Jacopo Sannazaro.  Wilfred P. Mustard [1864 – 1932].  Review author[s]:  E.K. Rand [Harvard University].  The American Journal of Philology, Vol. 36, No. 2. (1915).  233


Jacopo Sannazaro, Con Appendici di Documenti e Testi Inediti, Studi e Testi Umanistici Pubblicati Da A. Altamura  Serie 1a:  Studi di storia letteraria  Vol. 10, Napoli, Casa Editrice Dr. Silvio Viti, Via S. Anna dei Lombardi, 51, 1951.


"Paperback", low quality (discolored) paper (reminiscent of World War II publications).  234


Opere di Iacopo Sannazaro [1458 – 1530], Con saggi dell' Hypnerotomachia Poliphili di Francesco Colonna, e del Peregrino di Iacopo Caviceo, a cura di Enrico Carrara, Unione Tipografico-Editrice Torinese, 1967 (1952).  236


Poeti Latini del Quattrocento [fifteenth century], A Cura Di Francesco Arnaldi, Lucia Gualdo Rosa Liliana Monti Sabia, Riccardo Ricciardi   Editore, Milano Napoli, "1964".  238






The Major Latin Poems of Jacopo Sannazaro [1458 – 1530], translated into English prose with commentary and selected verse translations by Ralph Nash, Wayne State U., c1996.  243


The Oxford English Dictionary, Volume XI, Oxford, 1989.  245  247   "Useful Tips About Rome".  249


Online Encyclopedia

Originally appearing in Volume V20, Page 885 of the 1911 Encyclopedia [Encyclopaedia] Britannica.  251  "The Project Gutenberg Ebook of Atlantic Monthly, Vol., VI., October, 1860.—No. XXXVI., by Various".  253


Pasquino e la Satira in Roma:  Pasquino nel Cinquecento, (Il Pontificato di Leone X [1513 – 1521]), Roma, Tipografia Agostiniana, 1936 (1932).  257


Miscellanea della R. Deputazione romana, di Storia patria, Pasquino E Pasquinate Nella Roma Di Leone X, di G.A. Cesareo, con prefazione del senatore Vittorio Cian, Roma, nella Sede della Deputazione, alla Biblioteca Vallicelliana, 1938.  258


The Visions of Pasquin, or, a Character of the Roman Court, Religion and Practices; Together with an Account of The Arts of the Popes, Nephews to get Money, The Tricks of the Priests to fill the Churches Coffers by Masses for the Dead, The Policy of the Jesuites to Cully Princes, and Cheat Christendom.  As also An Exact Description of Purgatory and Hell.  In a Dialogue between Pasquin and Marforio, Translated out of Italian.  Ridentem dicere verum Qiis vetat?  Licensed, Feb. 9. 1689.  London, Printed, and are to be Sold by Richard Baldwin near the Black Bull in the Old-Bailey.  (microform (reel)) 1689.  260


Pietro Aretino [1492 – 1556], Poison-Flower of the Renaissance, A Critical and Biographical Study by Samuel Putnam, "From The Works of Aretino, Translated into English from the original Italian, with a critical and biographical essay by Samuel Putnam, Illustrations by The Marquis de Bayros in Two Volumes; Pascal Covici:  Chicago; 1926; pp. 7–53."   261






Pasquillorum Tomi duo.  Elevetheropoli  MDXLIIII [to emphasize:  1544].  German Books before 1601, Reel #57, item 1.  [11/12/2006:  3 copies for sale on the internet:  $1250.00 - $1476.39].  [difficult to read; probably, several misspellings].  [bookplate] "Andrew Dickson White".  263


Curiosities of Literature.  By Isaac Disraeli [1766 – 1848].  A New Edition, edited, with Memoir and Notes, by his son, The Right Hon. B. [Benjamin] Disraeli [1804 – 1881], M.P.  In Three Volumes.  Vol. I.  London:  Routledge, Warne, and Routledge, Farringdon Street.  New York:  56, Walker Street.  1863 (1791).  [See:  online].  265


Cicero [106 – 43 B.C.E.], De Re Publica, De Legibus, with an English translation by Clinton Walker Keyes, Columbia University.  Harvard, Heinemann, MCMLI (1928).  269  Church Fathers:  City of God, Book II (St. Augustine [354 – 430]).  270


Saint Augustine, The City of God Against the Pagans, with an English translation by George E. McCracken, Professor of Classics, Drake University, Harvard, Heinemann, MCMLXXXI (1957).  271


Saint Augustine [354 – 430], The City of God,  Book I-VII, translated by Demetrius B. Zema, S.J. [Society of Jesus] and Gerald G. Walsh, S.J., with an introduction by Etienne Gilson, The Catholic University of America Press, 1977 (c1950).  272


Concerning The City of God against the Pagans, translation by Henry Bettenson, with an Introduction by David Knowles, Augustine [354 – 430], Penguin, 1972 (first published 1467) ("written:  "413 – 426/427").  273


An Exact Reprint of the Roman Index Expurgatorius.  The Only Vatican Index of this Kind Ever Published.  Edited, With a Preface, by Richard Gibbings, A.B., Scholar of Trinity College, Dublin.  Dublin:  Milliken and Son, Booksellers to the University; William Curry, Jun. and Co.; and J.G. and F. Rivington, London.  M.DCCC.XXXVII.  [for clarity, 1837].  276


Der Index der Verbotenen Bücher, Ein Beitrag Zur Kirchen – Und Literaturgeschichte, Franz Heinrich Reusch [1825 – 1900], In 2 Bänden (Band 2 in 2 Abteilungen) [2 volumes in 3], Band 1, Neudruck der Ausgabe Bonn 1883, Scientia Verlag Aalen, 1967.  278






Die Indices Librorum Prohibitorum, Des Sechzehnten Jahrhunderts, Gesammelt und Herausgegeben, von Fr. Heinrich Reusch, Nieuwkoop B. De Graff, MCMLXI (Tübingen, 1886).  279


Chapters from the Religious History of Spain, Connected with the Inquisition.  Censorship of the Press—Mystics and Illuminati—Endemoniadas—El Santa Niño de la Guardia—Brianda de Bardaxí.  By Henry Charles Lea [1825 – 1909], LL.D., Burt Franklin, 1967 (1890).  282


The Censorship of Hebrew Books, William Popper, Burt Franklin, 1968 (1899).  285


The Censorship of the Church of Rome, and Its Influence upon the Production and Distribution of Literature, A study of the history of the prohibitory and expurgatory indexes, together with some consideration of the effects of Protestant censorship and of censorship by the state, by George Haven Putnam, Volume I (of two volumes), Benjamin Blom, 1967 (1906-1907).  289


The Censorship of the Church of Rome [also, Protestant censorship; civil censorship], George Haven Putnam, Volume II (of two volumes), Benjamin Blom, reprint of the 1906-1907 edition, 1967.  296


The Encyclopedia of Unbelief, Gordon Stein [1941 – 1996], Ph.D., Editor, Volume One, Prometheus, 1985.  297


The Dictionary Historical and Critical of Mr Peter Bayle.  The Second Edition, Carefully collated with the several Editions of the Original; in which many Passages are restored, and the whole greatly augmented, particularly with a Translation of the Quotations from eminent Writers in various Languages.  To which is prefixed, The Life of the Author, Revised, corrected, and enlarged, by Mr Des Maizeaux, Fellow of the Royal Society.  Volume The First.  A—Bi.  London:  Printed for J.J. and P. Knapton; D. Midwinter; J. Brotherton; A. Bettesworth and C. Hitch:  J. Hazard; W. Innys and R. Manby; T. Ward and E. Wicksteed; W. Meadows; T. Woodward; B. Motte; W. Hinchliffe; J. Walthoe, jun.  E. Symon; T. Cox; A. Ward; D. Browne; T. Longman; S. Birt; W. Bickerton; T. Astley; S. Austen; L. Gilliver; H. Lintot; H. Whitridge; R. Willock; J. and R. Tonson.  MDCCXXXVI (first edition, 1697).  Reprint:  Garland, 1984.  302


The Dictionary Historical and Critical of Mr Peter Bayle, Volume The Third.  F—L.  MDCCXXXVI.  Reprint:  Garland, 1984.  307


The Dictionary Historical and Critical of Mr Peter Bayle, Volume The Fourth.  M—R.  MDCCXXXVI.  Reprint:  Garland, 1984.  313






The Dictionary Historical and Critical of Mr Peter Bayle, Volume the Second.  Bi—E.  MDCCXXXV.  Reprint:  Garland, 1984.  314


Remarks on ecclesiastical history, John Jortin [1698 – 1770], Volume 5 of 5 volumes.  London:  printed for C. Davis, R. Manby and H. Shute Co Whiston, 1751–73.   Online (via a local university).  315


Institutes of Ecclesiastical History, Ancient and Modern, by John Laurence [Johann Lorenz] von Mosheim [1694? – 1755], D.D., Chancellor of the University of Göttingen.  A New and Literal Translation from the Original Latin, with Copious Additional Notes, Original and Selected, By James Murdock, D.D., Edited with Additions, by Henry Soames, M.A., Second Revised Edition.  In Four Volumes.  Vol. III—The Reformation.  London:  1850 (1755, Latin).  316


The School of Padua and the Emergence of Modern Science, John Herman Randall, Jr., Woodbridge Professor of Philosophy in Columbia University, Editrice Antenore Padova, MCMLXI.  318


Marsilio Ficino, Pietro Bembo, Baldassare Castiglione, Philosophical, Aesthetic, and Political Approaches in Renaissance Platonism, Christine Raffini, published by Peter Lang, c1998.  322


De immortalitate animae, On the Immortality of Souls.  322  323


Luther's [1483 – 1546] Table Talk, A Critical Study, by Preserved Smith [1880 – 1941], AMS Press, 1970 (1907).  325


The Age of the Reformation, by Preserved Smith [1880 – 1941], Jonathan Cape, London, 1960 (c1920).  328


The Encyclopaedia Britannica, A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information, Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, Volume IX, 1910–1911.  338


Erasmus & Luther:  Their Attitude to Toleration, by the Rev. Robert H. Murray [1874 – 1947], Litt.D., with portraits, Burt Franklin, reprint 1972 (1920).  343






Studies in English Social and Political Thinkers of the Nineteenth Century, by the Rev. Robert H. Murray [1874 – 1947], Litt.D., Volume II [of two volumes], Herbert Spencer to Ramsay MacDonald, Cambridge, W. Heffer & Sons Ltd., 1929.  348


Erasmus [1466? – 1536] of Europe, The Prince of Humanists, 1501–1536, R.J. Schoeck, Edinburgh University Press, 1993.  351


The Encyclopedia of Unbelief, Gordon Stein, Ph.D., Editor, Volume Two, L-Z, Prometheus, 1985.  352


Convention 1500–1750, Lawrence Manley, Harvard University Press, 1980.  353


The Voice of Reason, Fundamentals of Critical Thinking, Burton F. Porter, Western New England College, Oxford University Press, 2002.  354


Critical Thinking, An Introduction to Analytical Reading and Reasoning, Larry Wright, University of California, Riverside, Oxford University Press, 2001.  355


Science and Scientists in the Nineteenth Century, by the Rev. Robert H. Murray, Litt.D., Author of "Erasmus and Luther:  Their Attitude to Toleration," Etc., with an Introduction by Sir Oliver Lodge, F.R.S., D.Sc., London, The Sheldon Press, Northumberland Avenue, W.C., New York and Toronto:  The MacMillan Co., Printed in Great Britain, 1925.  356


Twentieth Century Interpretations of The Praise of Folly, A Collection of Critical Essays, edited by Kathleen Williams, Prentice-Hall, c1969.  360


Life and Letters of Erasmus [c. 1466 – 1536], Lectures Delivered at Oxford 1893–4, by James Anthony Froude [1818 – 1894], Late Regius Professor of Modern History in the University of Oxford, New Impression, Longmans, Green and Co., 39 Paternoster Row, London, E.C. 4., New York, Toronto, Bombay, Calcutta and Madras, 1923 (1894).  367


A Short History of Freethought, Ancient and Modern, J.M. Robertson, Russell & Russell, c1957 (1906).  434


Bring Out Your Dead, The Past as Revelation, Anthony Grafton, Harvard University Press, 2001.  434






Against the Faith, Essays on Deists, Skeptics and Atheists, Jim Herrick, Prometheus, 1985.  435


The Encyclopedia of Unbelief, Gordon Stein [1941 – 1996], Ph.D.,  Editor, Volume One, Prometheus, 1985.  436


The Encyclopedia of Unbelief, Gordon Stein, Ph.D., Editor, Volume Two, Prometheus, 1985.  437


Erasmi Opuscula, A Supplement to the Opera Omnia, edited with Introductions and Notes by Wallace K. Ferguson, Assistant Professor of History in New York University, The Hague, Martinus Nijhoff, 1933.  439


Erasmus of the Low Countries, James D. Tracy, University of California Press, c1996.  442


The Correspondence of Erasmus [c. 1466 – 1536], Letters [numbered] 842 to 992, years 1518 to 1519, translated by R.A.B. Mynors and D.F.S. Thomson, annotated by Peter G. Bietenholz, Volume 6, University of Toronto Press, Toronto / Buffalo / London, 1982.  [See 490 (caveat)].  445


The Correspondence of Erasmus [c. 1466 – 1536], Letters [numbered] 1122 to 1251, years 1520 to 1521, translated by R.A.B. Mynors, annotated by Peter G. Bietenholz, Volume 8, University of Toronto Press, Toronto / Buffalo / London, 1988.  448


Collected Works of Erasmus [c. 1466 – 1536], Letters [numbered]1535 to 1657, January–December 1525, translated by Alexander Dalzell, annotated by Charles G. Nauert jr, Volume 11, University of Toronto Press, Toronto / Buffalo / London, 1994.  456


Collected Works of Erasmus [c. 1466 – 1536], Literary and Educational Writings 6, Ciceronianus / Notes / Indexes, edited by A.H.T. Levi, University of Toronto Press, Toronto / Buffalo / London, 1986.  463


The Correspondence of Erasmus [c. 1466 – 1536], Letters [numbered]1658 to 1801, January 1526–March 1527, translated by Alexander Dalzell, annotated by Charles G. Nauert jr, Volume 12, University of Toronto Press, Toronto / Buffalo / London, 2003.  466


Erasmus, A Study of His Life, Ideals, and Place in History, Preserved Smith [1880 – 1941], Frederick Ungar Publishing Co., 1962 (1923).  470






The Treasury of Basel Cathedral [where Erasmus was interred ,1536], Timothy Husband, with contributions by Julien Chapuis, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Yale University Press, c2001.  505


Ulrich von Hutten [1488 – 1523], "Knight of the Order of Poets", by David Starr Jordan, President of Leland Stanford Jr. University, "Die Luft der Freibeit Webt", Boston, American Unitarian Association, 25 Beacon Street, "1910".  510


Ulrich von Hutten [1488 – 1523] and the German Reformation, by Hajo Holborn, translated by Roland H. Bainton, Yale University Press, 1937.  512


The Humanist Ulrich von Hutten, A Reappraisal of his Humor, Thomas W. Best, The University of North Carolina Press, 1969.  513


The Religious Renaissance of the German Humanists, Lewis W. Spitz [1922 – 1999], Harvard University Press, 1963.  515


The Culture of the High Renaissance, Ancients and Moderns, In Sixteenth-Century Rome, Ingrid D. Rowland, Cambridge University Press, 1999 (1998).  526


Erasmus and the Humanists, Albert Hyma, University of Michigan, F.S. Crofts, 1930.  531


The Protestant Reformation, 1517–1559, Lewis W. Spitz [1922 – 1999], Stanford University, Illustrated, Harper & Row, c1985.  532


Luther and German Humanism, Lewis W. Spitz, Variorum, 1996.  534


The Political Consequences of the Reformation, Studies in Sixteenth-Century Political Thought, by the Rev. R.H. Murray, M.A., Litt.D.  Author of "Erasmus and Luther:  Their Attitude to Toleration" [see 343], New York, Russell & Russell, 1960 (1926).  546


De Miseria Condicionis Humane [English and Latin], [Cardinal] Lotario dei Segni [c. 1161 – 1216] (Pope Innocent III [1198 – 1216]), edited by Robert E. Lewis, The Chaucer Library, The University of Georgia Press, Athens, c1978 (1195).  550


A History of Modern Culture, by Preserved Smith, Hon. Litt.D. Amherst, Professor of History in Cornell University, Volume II [of two volumes], The Enlightenment, 1687–1776, published by Peter Smith, 1957 (c1934) (Volume I, c1930).  555






Jesus Son of Man, Preface by Gore Vidal  Afterword by David Noel Freedman, translated by Hugh Young, Rudolf Augstein [1923 – 2002 (founded Der Spiegel, 1946/1947)], Urizen Books, 1977 (1972 German).  556


Der handschriftliche Nachlass, Arthur Schopenhauer [1788 – 1860], Herausgegeben von Arthur Hübscher, 5 volumes in 6, volume 4, part 2, Im Verlag von Waldemar Kramer, Frankfurt am Main, 1975.   557


Curiosities of Literature.  By Isaac Disraeli [1766 – 1848].  Vol. III.  1858 (1791).  558


The Final Superstition, A Critical Evaluation of the Judeo-Christian Legacy, Joseph L. Daleiden, Prometheus, 1994.  565


Evenings with the Skeptics, or Free Discussion on Free Thinkers, by John Owen [1833 – 1896], Rector of East Anstey, Devon, 'Believe it, my good friend, to love Truth for Truth's sake is the principal part of human perfection in this world, and the seed-plot of all other virtues'—Locke, Vol. I [of 2 volumes], Pre-Christian Skepticism.  London, Longmans, Green, and Co., 1881.  583


The Skeptics of the Italian Renaissance, by John Owen, Kennikat, 1970 (1908) (1893).  591


The Skeptics of the French Renaissance, by John Owen, Rector of East Anstey, Devon, Author of "Evenings with the Skeptics"; "Verse Musings on Nature, Faith and Freedom"; Editor of Glanvil's "Scepsis Scientifica", London, Swan Sonnenschein & Co., New York:  Macmillan & Co., 1893.  [pagination continues from:  The Skeptics of the Italian Renaissance (see 591)].  593


Doubt's Boundless Sea, Skepticism and Faith in the Renaissance, by Don Cameron Allen [1903 – 1972], Johns Hopkins Press, 1964.  [Must see!  Erudition, humor (reminds me of Erasmus), rare perspectives, etc.].  [See:].  605


A Short History of Christian Theophagy ["ingestion of divinity"; "eating the body of a god"; etc.], by Preserved Smith, Open Court, 1922.  617


Encyclopedia of World Biography, Second Edition, [Volume] 13, Gale, c1998.  627


The Idea of Christ in the Gospels, Or God In Man, A Critical Essay by George Santayana, Scribner's Sons, 1946.  629






George Santayana [1863 – 1952], a biography, John McCormick, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 1987.  631


Persons and Places, Fragments of Autobiography, George Santayana, edited by William G. Holzberger and Herman J. Saatkamp, Jr., with an Introduction by Richard C. Lyon, Critical Edition, c1986.  636


Santayana:  The Later Years  A Portrait with Letters, by Daniel Cory [close friend of Santayana], George Braziller, New York, c1963.  640


George Santayana's America, Essays on Literature and Culture, Collected and with an Introduction by James Ballowe, University of Illinois Press, 1967.  643


Selected Critical Writings of George Santayana, Volume I [of two volumes], edited by Norman Henfrey, Assistant Professor of English, Laval University, Cambridge at the University Press, 1968.  643


The Wisdom of George Santayana, selected and edited by Ira D. Cardiff. The Citadel Press, c1964.  644


De Tribus Impostoribus, A.D. 1230 [entirely backdated?].  The Three Impostors, Translated (with Notes and Comments), From a French Manuscript of the Work Written in the Year 1716, With a Dissertation on the Original Treatise, and A Bibliography of the Various Editions, by Alcofribas Nasier, The Later.  Privately Printed for the Subscribers.  1904.  [See:  online].  [See:  666].  [Note:  this work is an amalgam, with contradictory opinions, etc.].  657


The Corpus of Clandestine Literature in France 1769–1789, Robert Darnton, Norton, c1995.  662


The Treatise of the Three Impostors and the Problem of Enlightenment, A New Translation of the Traité des trois Inposteurs [Imposteurs] (1777 Edition), With Three Essays in Commentary, Abraham Anderson, Rowman & Littlefield, 1997 (1719) (dates of sources (to 1230?)?).  666


The Complete Essays of Montaigne, translated by Donald M. Frame, Stanford University Press, 1966 (c1948) (1580).  [I (LS) bought this book, 1968 (probably at the well known San Francisco book store:  "City Lights"), when I was a dental student (U.C. San Francisco).  I made marginal comments.  Still (2007), a great favorite].  671






The Origin and Development of the Moral Ideas, by Edward Westermarck [1862 – 1939] Ph.D., Martin White Professor of Sociology in the University of London, Professor of Moral Philosophy at the University of Finland, Helsingfors, Author of "The History of Human Marriage", In Two Volumes, Vol. II, Macmillan and Co., Limited, St. Martin's Street, London, 1908 (1906 – 1908).  673


Primates and Philosophers, How Morality Evolved, Frans de Waal, Robert Wright, Christine M. Korsgaard, Philip Kitcher, Peter Singer, edited and introduced by Stephen Macedo and Josiah Ober, Princeton University Press, Princeton and Oxford, c2006.  678


Christianity and Morals, by Edward Westermarck [1862 – 1939], Books for Libraries Press, 1969 (1939).  679


After Babel, Aspects of Language and Translation, George Steiner, third Edition, Oxford University Press, 1998 (1975).  685


Translation, Linguistics, Culture, A French-English Handbook, Nigel Armstrong, Multilingual Matters LTD, c2005.  692


Lying, Moral Choice in Public and Private Life, by Sissela Bok, Pantheon, c1978.  694


Ways of Lying, Dissimulation, Persecution, and Conformity in Early Modern Europe, Perez Zagorin, Harvard University Press, 1990.  697


The Prevalence of Deceit, F.G. Bailey, Cornell University Press, 1991.  707


On Bullshit, Harry G. Frankfurt, Princeton University Press, Princeton and Oxford, booklet, c2005.  709


A Pack of Lies, Towards a sociology of lying, J.A. Barnes, Australian National University, Cambridge University Press, 1994.  710


Lies!  Lies!  Lies!!!, The Psychology of Deceit, Charles V. Ford, M.D., American Psychiatric Press, Inc., Washington, DC, London, England, c1996.  714


The Concise Book of Lying, Evelin Sullivan, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, c2001.  729






A History of Falsehood, The Liar's Tale, Jeremy Campbell, Norton, c2001.  736


Erasmus of the Low Countries, James D. Tracy, University of California Press, c1996.  744


On the Edge of Truth and Honesty, Principles and Strategies of Fraud and Deceit in the Early Modern Period, edited by Toon van Houdt, Jan L. De Jong, Zoran Kwak, Marijke Spies, Marc Van Vaeck, Brill, Leiden Boston, 2002.  747


Atheism From the Reformation to the Enlightenment, Edited by Michael Hunter and David Wootton, Clarendon Press Oxford, 1992.  751


Deism, Masonry, and the Enlightenment, Essays Honoring Alfred Owen Aldridge, Edited by J.A. Leo Lemay, Newark:  University of Delaware Press; London and Toronto:  Associated University Presses, c1987.  758  766









                 "Did you go yourself and examine this, or how do you know?"  [1].